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Travel You need to see the Terracotta Warriors

07:08  14 june  2018
07:08  14 june  2018 Source:   mydiscoveries.com.au

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The Terracotta Warriors are one of the must-visit attractions for all travelers to China. Here is the information you might need when you plan a tour to visit it. Things to see .

What You Need to Know: To visit the site on your own, take bus 306 from the Xi’an train station. Buses leave every 10 minutes and stop bringing people back at 7pm. Entrance to see the Terra - Cotta Warriors is 110rmb for adults and 55rmb for students.

Inside Pit One at the Terracotta Warriors in Xian China.© Alison Godfrey Inside Pit One at the Terracotta Warriors in Xian China. I expected the Terracotta Warriors to be lined up, facing straight, polished and secure. Instead I'm looking at what is essentially still an archaeological dig. And that's what makes a visit here so brilliant.

Once inside Pit One, the most famous pit, you need to jostle for position to obtain that first glance. We squeeze through the crowd to the left of the main entrance and slowly push our way to the front barrier. Once there, we gaze out on row after row after row of terracotta warriors. Their outstretched Lego-like hands once held flags or weapons. But many of these were stolen by farmers who ransacked the tomb following the emperors death. Some still have scorch marks from the fire the villagers set.

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Visit the Terracotta Warriors and the Mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang. After going through three tickets gates, you will see this wonder of the ancient world with your own eyes. If you need to catch a flight or a train after the tour, please book the transfer service with us in advance.

3. How many hours do I need for the Terracotta Army? Usually, we arrange for you to see the Emperor Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum Site Museum, including the Terracotta Warriors and Horses

The Terracotta Warriors were the life-long project of China's first emperor Qin Shuhuang. Qin ruled from 7 May 247 BC to 220 BC. He was just 13 when he took the throne and 14 when he began to build his own tomb and the spectacular terracotta army. Emperor Qin believed the Terracotta Warriors would follow him into the afterlife and come to life as a vast army.

a close up of a rock wall with Terracotta Army in the background: Inside Pit One at the Terracotta Warriors in Xian China.© Alison Godfrey Inside Pit One at the Terracotta Warriors in Xian China.

It's not known how many Terracotta Warriors actually exist. So far three enormous pits have been discovered. There may be more.

The sight of the Terracotta Warriors is different to Qin's tomb. That still remains untouched under a nearby mountain. Qin's body is said to be as far down as the mountain is tall. And legend has it that it is surrounded by a mercury river. Scientific studies of the ground close to the mountain do indeed show high levels of mercury. Qun survived multiple assassination attempts but died at the age of 49 from suspected mercury poisoning. According to our guide he drank a little bit of mercury every day because he believed it gave him super powers.

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Make a Terracotta Warrior . The Terracotta Army was discovered in 1974 by a farmer in Xi'an, Shaanxi province, China. You can see a slide show of some of China’s Terracotta army here, or scroll down to see some You 'll need lots of red beads to make our China flag fuse bead pattern.

Map updates are paused. Zoom in to see updated info. Yes, one day Terracotta Warriors tour could be arranged, please check the tour information in the website, and feel free to send an email if you need any further help.

After the Qin dynasty the Hans took over. And in some places you can actually see Han bones still on the ground.

a dirty old room: Han bones inside the Terracotta Army complex.© Alison Godfrey Han bones inside the Terracotta Army complex.

It took 720,000 builders to build the Terracotta Warriors. The project took at least 30 years. Many were locked into the building site until their deaths.

The warriors were moulded in parts, fired and then assembled. They once had brilliant colours. A few examples of colour warriors remain locked behind glass cases. But for most of them, exposure to the elements quickly faded the colour.

Some colour can be seen on this protected Terracotta Warrior.© Alison Godfrey Some colour can be seen on this protected Terracotta Warrior.

They're not all the same. Different ranks of soldier have different hair styles. Differences can also be seen on the shoes and the armour. Horses have also been uncovered.

Qin is also credited with building the first roads through China. These may perhaps be some of the first roads in the world. Archeologists are still unearthing them in the fields nearby. But it's the Terracotta Warriors that most people come to see.

As you stand overlooking the pit, you can't help but feel overwhelmed. In the first few rows the soldiers stand at attention, facing towards the incoming crowd.

But it's a little further back that the magic happens.

In the middle of the pit and sprightly young man pushes a wheelbarrow up a steep slope. He's carting dirt - uncovering more ancient remains.

a building next to a fence: The ramps used to transport dirt and artifacts out of the pits.© Alison Godfrey The ramps used to transport dirt and artifacts out of the pits.

The Terracotta Warriors were discovered in 1974 by two farmers digging a well. For years the farmers had wondered why the crops would not grow around the area. Two more pits were discovered in 1976. In 1979 China constructed a museum over the sight and allowed tourists to come and see the work.

Wooden covers over the pits of soldiers had decayed over time and the soldiers were slowly crushed and broken by soil that piled on top of them. Evidence of this destruction is still visible. Inside Vault One many Terracotta Warriors lie smashed and cracked on the sides. Slowly, piece by piece, the archaeologists are putting them back together, a jigsaw of history.

Cranes are used to hold chunks of terracotta aloft at the back of pit as horses and soldiers are slowly are carefully resurrected. Headless solders await their heads. Arms are splinted and other bodies lie on what looks like operating tables.

a group of people standing in front of a building: The Terracotta Warrior hospital.© Alison Godfrey The Terracotta Warrior hospital.

If you make the mistake of walking back out the main door instead of walking all around Vault Onet - you will miss this most fascinating glimpse into the work of archaeologists.

From there Pit two, Pit three and the museum offer more treasures including spectacular bronze horses. The tiny bronze tassles are still the subject of archaeological discussion - how were they made? How did they get them so thin?

a person standing next to a horse: The spectacular bronze horses.© Alison Godfrey The spectacular bronze horses.

The Terracotta Warriors is a must-see if you love history. My Discoveries offers a 9 day Terracotta Warriors China tour for $999 per person including flights, hotels and meals.

Other sights to see in Xian include the city wall, the Muslim Quarter and the Big Wild Goose Pagoda.

a person standing in front of a store: Spinning candy in the Muslim Quarter.© Alison Godfrey Spinning candy in the Muslim Quarter.

For delicious noodles and dumplings head to First Noodle Under the Sun close to the Wild Goose Pagoda.

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